The American Heart Association has acknowledged that the omega-3 fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are essential for heart health. They now recommend that people without heart disease eat fish 2 or more times per week and consume a diet rich in alpha-linolenic acid. Heart disease patients should consume about 1 gram of EPA and DHA daily. Patients with high triglyceride levels may benefit from supplementing with 2 to 4 grams of EPA plus DHA per day in capsule form. EPA and DHA are the main components of fish oils.
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology, Vol. 23, February 2003, pp. e23-e31, 151-52